The Effects of Dam Building

Essay by Anonymous UserHigh School, 11th gradeF, February 1997

download word file, 6 pages 4.4

Downloaded 102 times

Took a long time to write, and Im very proud A-


Grade 10 Geography

Units 12, 13, 14

Essay - Effects of Dam Building

By:Brenden Kilmartin

Many people have already dammed a small stream using sticks and mud by the

time they become adults. Humans have used dams since early civilization,

because four-thousand years ago they became aware that floods and droughts

affected their well-being and so they began to build dams to protect

themselves from these effects.1 The basic principles of dams still apply today

as they did before; a dam must prevent water from being passed. Since then,

people have been continuing to build and perfect these structures, not knowing

the full intensity of their side effects. The hindering effects of dams on

humans and their environment heavily outweigh the beneficial ones. The

paragraphs below will prove that the construction and presence of dams always

has and will continue to leave devastating effects on the environment around


Firstly, to understand the thesis people must know what dams are. A dam is

a barrier built across a water course to hold back or control water flow. Dams

are classified as either storage, diversion or detention. As you could

probably notice from it's name, storage dams are created to collect or hold

water for periods of time when there is a surplus supply. The water is then

used when there is a lack of supply. For example many small dams impound water

in the spring, for use in the summer dry months. Storage dams also supply a

water supply, or an improved habitat for fish and wildlife; they may store

water for hydroelectricity as well.2

A diversion dam is a generation of a commonly constructed dam which is

built to provide sufficient water pressure for pushing water into...